Development of a Strategy for the Exploitation of Renewable Energy Resources for the State of Kuwait

Development of a strategy for introducing renewable energy (RE) as an energy source to meet the future needs of the State of Kuwait for electrical power generation and water desalination.

KISR's researchers conducted a study to develop a strategy for introducing renewable energy (RE) technologies to Kuwait to contribute toward electricity power generation and water desalination. As part of the study, KISR's researchers assessed the current electricity and freshwater demand, and made projections for the electricity and water requirements by 2030. The projections were used to draft an RE policy for Kuwait that took into account the emerging gaps between electricity supply and demand. 

The study found that a 10% RE contribution of electricity to the nation’s energy mix by 2030 would save approximately 40,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boed) and reduce CO2 emissions by 10 million tons per year (mty). The study also found that if RE technologies were to enter the energy generation inventory by 2015, with a goal of reaching a 10% contribution by 2030, the petroleum industry could realize an annual savings of US $14 billion.   

 

Production and Characterization of Synthetic Ceramic Lightweight Aggregates Utilizing Kuwaiti Argillaceous Materials

Development of synthetic lightweight aggregate material using industrial waste.

The Kuwait construction industry is dependent upon an unreliable foreign sources of lightweight aggregate (LWA) that may not meet local quality standards. In order to address this concern, KISR's researchers developed a local substitute using industrial waste streams in combination with additives to create a locally produced, lightweight aggregate alternative. They determined that reusing the aggregate wash could help address the environmental challenge caused by the transformation, storage and dumping of waste construction materials while replacing an unreliable foreign import with a reliable local product.

 

Assessment of Migrating Corrosion Inhibitor in Concrete

Abstract: The Arabian Gulf region has some of the most aggressive service environments in the world with high ambient temperature and humidity conditions and severe ground and ambient salinity. One of the biggest challenges concerning the durability of concrete in this region is the corrosion of steel reinforcements in concrete. 

In order to address this challenge, KISR’s Energy & Building Center researchers studied the performance of two types of concrete corrosion inhibitors to determine their effect on the long-term exposure of concrete to marine environments. They found that mixing the selected inhibitors with concrete reduced the corrosion potential of the concrete’s steel reinforcement and enhanced its overall performance. The tests illustrated how corrosion inhibitors decreased the rate of concrete weathering and postponed the corrosion of steel reinforcements, prolonging the expected lifespan of potential structures.

 

Assessment of Renewable Energy Applications in Kuwait

Abstract: Since the early 1980s KISR has explored the potential of capturing energy by alternative means. As a continuation of this initiative, KISR’s Energy & Building Center researchers carried out a study to determine the efficiency of three small-scale renewable energy applications. The study was designed to assess the economic feasibility and benefits of constructing larger-scale renewable energy applications. These three projects are the following:

 

  • A 26-kW wind farm to test and measure the performance of small-sized wind turbines in Kuwait’s Salmi area in the northwest of the country. The turbines operate both on and off the grid and serve telecommunication towers in remote areas.
  • A solar or wind to hydrogen plant that uses photovoltaic panels (10 kW) and wind turbines (6 kW) to produce and store hydrogen (H2) as an energy carrier and use it as a fuel cell to provide electricity.
  • A desalination unit that uses both wind and solar power to activate a small reverse osmosis (RO) water purification device that draws brackish water from an 80-m deep well. 

Following the establishment of these three facilities, the researchers found that each of the technologies generated enough electricity to perform the necessary functions of either powering communications towers, or generating hydrogen, or desalinating water. However, the researchers also determined that these technologies did not provide enough energy to compete with the cost of Kuwait’s conventional power plants. They recommended several modifications to each of the facilities and are currently monitoring them for their effectiveness.

 

Feasibility Assessment of Renewable Energy Applications in Kuwait

 Abstract: KISR’s researchers conducted an assessment of the potential impact the renewable energy resources and technologies can have on the economy, energy sector, and environment of Kuwait. The study identified various renewable energy options for Kuwait, such as concentrating solar power (CSP), photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy (WE) technologies, to encourage the sustainable development of a significant renewable energy share in Kuwait by 2030.

 

The study showed that wind energy technologies would be the most competitive technology in Kuwait for producing electricity at a cost comparable to burning fossil fuels. Based on a survey of seven different locations, researchers determined that Kuwait’s Salmi area — to the east of the country — would be the most suitable location for all three of the investigated technologies. The study also provided an assessment for building the renewable energy technology infrastructure necessary to provide 5%, 10% and 20% of the country’s energy mix by 2020, finding it technically feasible and essential toward diversifying Kuwait’s economy and preserving its environment.