Oceanography

The Center’s researchers are specialized in the ecology of algal blooms, biofouling, marine biodiversity, invasive species, and pelagic food-chain dynamics. As well as the assessment of fish stocks and fisheries biology to understand marine ecosystem functions, and how best to preserve and restore them; and numerical modeling to determine the long-term behavior of coastal processes with regard to different types of coastal structures. The Environmental & Life Sciences Research Center’s key marine facilities include:

  • Coastal laboratory consisting of a wave basin, a glass flume, a concrete flume, and all of the instruments required for physical modelling studies
  • Coastal laboratory research vessel with associated instruments to measure physical oceanographic parameters (e.g., wave parameters, current speed and direction, temperature, salinity, etc.) 

Pollution and contamination

The center’s expertise in environmental impact assessment and mitigation includes facilities to monitor and measure the presence of various atmospheric pollutants. KISR’s researchers use these facilities to conduct ad hoc toxicity and safety evaluation studies to determine the environmental impacts of pollutants from known point sources such as refinery waste discharges.  Some of the Environmental & Life Sciences Research Center’s key facilities include:

  • Three mobile air pollution monitoring laboratories
  • Environmental engineering and waste management laboratory
  • Toxicity testing and safety evaluation laboratory
  • Gas Chromatography/Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) Laboratory for Volatile Organic Compounds in air sample
  • Inductively Coupled Plasma/Mass Spectrometry (ICP/MS) Laboratory for trace metal analysis

 

Meteorological conditions 

Meteorological conditions (i.e. wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure and temperature, evaporation rates, global solar radiation, and rainfall) are of great importance to many studies and projects including air quality, renewable energy, water and agriculture. Kuwait National Meteorological Network has nine stations with research-grade sensors. The stations locations are:

  • KISR (Shuwaikh)
  • Um Omara
  • Al-Wafra
  • Ras As-Subiyah
  • Al-Mutla
  • Um Al-Haiman
  • Al-Taweel
  • Ras Az-Zoor

 

Environmental impact and restoration 

Environmental impact and restoration are areas of great importance to KISR and the ELS Research Center features laboratories with capabilities that include terrestrial biodiversity assessment, native plant production for restoration and conservation, bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil, and detection of oil and non-oil pollutants. Some of the Center’s key restoration facilities include:

  • Waterfront for Urban Demonstration Garden greenery and beautification research Animal and plant physiology laboratories.

 Health and food security

The Center’s research specialists are experts in assessing and monitoring food contaminants, controlled spawning by photoperiod and temperature manipulation, and development of probiotics and vaccines. Some of the Center’s food security facilities include:

  • Gas Chromatograph / Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS) for the analysis of food and environmental samples
  • Khiran Field Station for fisheries and aquaculture research Sulaibiya Field Research Station for livestock, poultry, and desert ecology research.

Agriculture and biotechnology

In the areas of agriculture and biotechnology, the Center’s researchers specialize in cell and tissue-culture technologies, chemical engineering, plant breeding, and integrated farming systems, in order to create a sustainable and viable agro-system. Some of the Center’s key agriculture and biotechnology facilities include: 

  • Genetic engineering laboratories (plants, microbes, and animals)
  • Tissue culture laboratory