Experts with Multidisciplinary Backgrounds
Understanding Terrestrial Biodiversity
Supporting the National Aquaculture Industry
Developing Efficient Food Production Techniques
Biodiversity, Conservation, and Ecosystem Management


Challenge

Preserving the environment is an issue of transcendent importance. As steward of Kuwait’s science and technology heritage, KISR has a long history of developing and managing programs to monitor and assess the condition of Kuwait’s environment. KISR’s Air Quality Program builds on this proud tradition and is leading national efforts to monitor and assess the presence and extent of air pollution in order to ensure compliance with national safety standards and guide policy for improving air quality.

Kuwait is among the top 20 most gas-flaring countries in the world (GGFR, 2008) and is entirely dependent on the burning of sulphur-rich fossil fuels to meet its energy needs. These conditions coupled with Kuwait’s dry environment and frequent dust storms, result in the current degraded state of the nation’s air quality.

Goal

The Air Quality Program will develop strategies to improve Kuwait’s air quality - and consequently, national health - by providing science-based recommendations to government policy makers and industry on the best practices and methodologies to mitigate the effects of air pollution.

Program Thrusts

Emission Inventory for the State of Kuwait — Verifying the sources, presence and emission rates of contaminants to the concentration of air pollution and its effect on air quality in Kuwait.
Air Quality Monitoring System — Developing an air quality monitoring system that is informed by Kuwait’s emission inventory and is based on local conditions for use by the Kuwait Environment Public Authority.
Air-Pollution-Mitigating Technologies — Providing knowledge-based and experience-related advice on the integration of suitable mitigating technologies to improve air quality in the design stage for new structures as well as for existing facilities.

Accomplishments

  • The Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) accepted the recommendations made by the Air Quality Program to convert the Zour power station’s open-cycle gas-turbine units to the more efficient and less detrimental to air quality, combined-cycle gas-turbine units.
  • Designs for Kuwait’s fourth oil refinery used the Air Quality Program’s recommendations regarding the sulphur content of the fuel used to produce electricity for the State of Kuwait.